IEA warns global solar supply chains are too concentrated in China

Worldwide Electricity Company (IEA) Chief Economist Fatih Birol speaks throughout a information convention right after the opening of the International Energy and Setting Fair and Meeting in Istanbul May well 12, 2010. REUTERS/ Osman Orsal

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July 7 (Reuters) – Nations around the world want to increase manufacturing of photo voltaic panels from their present concentrated base in China to assure safe provide and satisfy targets for reducing world-warming carbon emissions, the Worldwide Vitality Agency explained on Thursday.

The entire world requirements to double its present-day capacity to produce the “essential setting up blocks” of solar panels: polysilicon, ingots, wafers, cells and modules, by 2030, the IEA explained in a new report.

Partly thanks to Chinese expense, solar photovoltaic technologies, which converts daylight into electricity, has turn into the most inexpensive way to crank out electric power in several areas of the globe.

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In 2021, China was property to 79% of producing ability for polysilicon, the IEA reported. A full 42% of that is located in the province of Xinjiang, where by the country’s most significant plant accounts on its individual for 14% of world wide ability.

“This level of concentration in any world-wide source chain would signify a appreciable vulnerability,” IEA govt director Fatih Birol explained to Reuters.

China will shortly deliver virtually 95% of the world’s polysilicon and the ingots and wafers additional down the price chain, the report explained.

“If there is a fire or a purely natural catastrophe it could have implications for the international cleanse electricity changeover in conditions of pushing the price ranges up and even availability of solar PV, but if you diversify and acquire important actions, we suggest to governments all over the entire world that this threat will be addressed, perhaps even diminished,” Birol stated.

Below pressure to lower reliance on Russian fuel imports, the European Union has pledged to do “whatever it will take” to rebuild European capability to manufacture components for solar installations. study far more

European countries have the probable to manufacture these components in approaches that emit significantly less carbon, many thanks to the large shares of nuclear and renewables in their electrical power mixes, the report claimed.

Nonetheless, it mentioned only Sweden presently has low plenty of industrial electric power selling prices to manufacture products like wafers competitively.

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Reporting by Isla Binnie
Enhancing by Bernadette Baum

Our Criteria: The Thomson Reuters Have confidence in Concepts.